The National Cord Blood Inventory (NCBI) is included in the Stem Cell Therapeutic and Research Act of 2005, Public Law 109-129 (Stem Cell Act 2005), as amended by P.L. 111-264 (2010) and reauthorized in P.L. 114-104 (2015). The NCBI portion of the Stem Cell Acts provides some funding for the collection and storage of at least 150,000 new cord blood units. These cord blood units will be made available through the C.W. Bill Young Cell Transplantation Program (CWBYCTP) to treat patients who need an umbilical cord blood or bone marrow transplant.
There are 9 cord blood banks that have an NCBI contract to help add at least 150,000 new cord blood units. These contracted banks will:
- Encourage more cord blood donations, with special emphasis on parents of racially or ethnically diverse backgrounds.
- Collect and store cord blood units and make them available through the CWBYCTP.
- Ensure the cord blood units are of high-quality and meet specified criteria such as having a certain number of blood-forming cells. Cord blood units that do not meet these criteria may be available for research studies intended to improve patient outcomes.
- Protect the rights of donating mothers by obtaining consent to donate from the mother and maintaining confidentiality of the mother and baby.
- Provide cord blood unit data to the CWBYCTP Stem Cell Therapeutic Outcomes Database contractor.
NCBI Program Contractors
The healthy blood-forming cells for a transplant can come from the marrow of a donor or umbilical cord blood that is collected after a baby is born. The blood-forming cells from cord blood have unique qualities that can help some patients who would otherwise be unable to have a potentially life-saving transplant. Cord blood banks collect and store cord blood to make the cells available to patients in need. NCBI contracted cord blood banks receive funding from the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) to reach the goal of collecting and storing at least 150,000 cord blood units.
Some cord blood units collected by the contractors may be available for research studies. Research studies are intended to help improve patient outcomes.
The following cord blood banks have been awarded contracts for the NCBI:
- Bloodworks Northwest
- Carolinas Cord Blood Bank at Duke University Medical Center
- Cleveland Cord Blood Center
- J.P. McCarthy Cord Stem Cell Bank at the Karmanos Cancer Institute
- LifeSouth Community Blood Centers
- MD Anderson Cord Blood Bank
- New Jersey Cord Blood Bank
- New York Blood Center National Cord Blood Program
- Texas Cord Blood Bank